NT0_5253-HDR copy

The Psychology of Interior Design: How the Layout, Colour, and Furnishings in a Space Influence Our Mood and Well-being

Interior design isn’t just about aesthetics. The spaces we inhabit, from our homes to our offices, have a profound impact on our mental and emotional wellbeing. Delving into the psychology of interior design provides insights into how layout, colour, and furnishings influence our moods, behaviours, and overall health.

1. The Significance of Layout:

The spatial arrangement of a room dictates how we move within and interact with that space. A cluttered environment can lead to feelings of stress and overwhelm, while a spacious, well-organised layout promotes a sense of calm.

  • Open Floor Plans: These have become increasingly popular because they promote social interaction. Being able to see and communicate with others in different parts of the home can create a sense of unity and togetherness.
  • Private Spaces: While open plans are excellent for socialisation, personal spaces are crucial for reflection and relaxation. A designated reading nook or study can provide a sanctuary from the bustling world outside.

2. The Power of Colour:

Colours evoke emotional and physiological responses. The colours we surround ourselves with can either energise or soothe us.

  • Blue: Often associated with calmness, blue can lower blood pressure and heart rate. It’s ideal for bedrooms or spaces where relaxation is paramount.
  • Yellow: This colour stimulates happiness and creativity. A yellow kitchen or workspace can lift the mood and inspire innovative thinking.
  • Red: A high-energy colour, red can raise the heart rate and evoke feelings of passion. While it might be overwhelming in large amounts, red accents can invigorate a space.
  • Green: Symbolising nature, green promotes tranquillity and health. It’s versatile, suitable for almost any room in the house.

3. Furnishings and Wellbeing:

The furniture and decor items we choose play a role in our emotional comfort.

  • Ergonomics: Comfortable, body-supporting furniture is essential, especially in workspaces. An ergonomic chair or desk can prevent physical strain and promote productivity.
  • Personal Touches: Personal items, like photographs or mementos, make a space feel uniquely ours. These items create a sense of belonging and grounding.
  • Natural Elements: Incorporating plants, wooden furniture, or water features can bring a touch of nature indoors. These elements have been shown to reduce stress and increase feelings of well-being.

4. Lighting Matters:

The amount and type of lighting in a room can significantly affect our mood. Natural light boosts serotonin, a mood-enhancing chemical in the brain. Spaces bathed in natural light tend to uplift the spirit. On the other hand, dimly lit rooms can be cosy and intimate but might also contribute to feelings of fatigue.

5. The Role of Texture and Patterns:

Textures and patterns engage our sense of touch and sight. Soft fabrics, like velvet cushions or shaggy rugs, add warmth and comfort. Patterns, if not overdone, can introduce energy and movement into a space.


The psychology of interior design underscores the profound relationship between our environments and our mental well-being. Understanding these principles can help us create spaces that nurture and sustain our emotional and psychological health. If you’re keen to delve deeper into crafting a space that aligns with your mental and emotional needs, reach out to us. We’re here to guide and assist you in your interior design journey, ensuring every corner of your space supports your overall well-being.